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This article was originally published at ilovewine.com,
which includes a link to the original article
Made entirely from the Gamay grape, Beaujolais is often
produced to be consumed soon after production, traditionally in celebration of
the harvest. Beaujolais Nouveau is in fact fermented for only a few weeks
before being released for sale.
There are three different classifications of Beaujolais
wine: Beaujolais AOC, Beaujolais Villages AOC, and Beaujolais Cru, ranked in
order from cheap and cheerful to complex and charismatic.
Beaujolais AOC is produced in a total of 96 different wine-making
villages and as it is very low in tannins, it is the most easy-to-drink,
light-bodied and fruity. Beaujolais Villages AOC is produced in 38 wine-making
villages, and this style pushes the quality up a notch with a darker, more
characterful wine. Finally, Beaujolais Cru is produced in just 10 wine-making
villages and is a rich, full-bodied wine with deep, complex flavours that
develop wonderfully with age.
While the neighbouring regions of Chablis, Côte d’Or, Côte
Chalonnaise and Mâconnais are more highly-regarded and widely known, don’t turn
your nose up at Beaujolais – and if you spot a bottle of Beaujolais Cru, don’t
let it pass you by!
DID YOU KNOW?
The third Thursday of every November is known as “Beaujolais
Nouveau Day”, when, just a few weeks after harvest, this wine goes on sale at
12:01 am, to the delight of wine lovers around the world, who race to get their
first sip of this young wine.
Beaujolais can produce more wine than its neighbouring
Burgundy regions of Chablis, Côte d’Or, Côte Chalonnaise and Mâconnais
This type of wine has an unusual fermentation process, known
as ‘semi-carbonic maceration’, where whole clusters of grapes are piled into a
huge lidded vat and the weight of all the grapes crushes those at the bottom.
As they are crushed, and the juices react with yeast, carbon dioxide is
released and pushes any oxygen out of the vat. The lack of oxygen ultimately
makes the remaining grapes explode before they begin maceration.
Beaujolais Taste Profile
When describing the Beaujolais taste profile, it is
important to distinguish between the three very different types of wine, Beaujolais,
Beaujolais Villages and Beaujolais Cru.
AOC: These wines have high acidity and light fruity flavours
such as raspberry, cherry, and cranberry. Low tannin levels make them
refreshing and easy to drink.
Villages AOC: Beaujolais Villages wines have more mineral
qualities to their taste, due to the soil in which the grapes are grown, as
well as stronger notes of strawberry and blackcurrant.
Cru: Although the Beaujolais Cru taste notes vary between
the different winemaking villages, they often carry smoky, woody tones and
darker fruit notes such as cherry and plum.
Beaujolais Food Pairings
AOC wines are light-bodied, easy to drink and great to be
enjoyed in a relaxed environment with a variety of dishes. Barbeques and light lunches
work well, as do fresh pasta, burgers, salad and finger food.
For Villages AOC, try this wine with chicken, turkey, pasta,
pizza, quiche and fruit-based desserts that complement the berry notes in the
Bottles of Cru can be enjoyed with more complex dishes such
as sirloin steak and lamb. The earthy tones also pair well with richer Italian
dishes such as lasagne, Bolognese, and ragu. These wines also age well, and you
might want to enjoy a special vintage of Cru with a cheese board to bring out
the richness of flavour.
Beaujolais Growing Regions
There are 96 wine-growing villages in the Beaujolais region
of France, which lies in the south of Burgundy, to the west of nearby Lyon. The
10,500 hectares region is just 34 miles long, and 7-9 miles wide. The Nizerand river
runs east to west through the Beaujolais region, naturally cutting it in half
and this is also important geographically for the wine growing regions, as all
10 of the villages that produce Cru lie to the north of the river. South of the
river, there are only producers of AOC.
The most notable regions are those that produce Cru, a wine
for which demand is steadily increasing around the world. Although the terroir
of each of these regions varies, they are generally composed of granite and
schist, which encourage more earthy tones such as wood and smoke and also
better-growing conditions for the Gamay grapes. These regions, from north to
Saint-Amour: This village is known for two
different styles of wine, a fruity, light-bodied bottle and also a rich, spicy
variety which is better suited to aging.
Juliénas: Similar to Saint-Amour, Juliénas can
produce both fruity notes such as peach and strawberry, but also spicier notes
such as cinnamon.
Chénas: Wines from Chénas often have woody notes
and it may be due to the fact that this small area was once covered with ancient
oak forests, which were cleared to make room for vineyards.
Moulin-à-Vent: The thicker skins of the grapes
grown in this region give the wines strong tannins and create one of the
deepest, darkest Crus available. Suitable for aging, wines from Moulin-à-Vent
can develop stronger tones, such as truffle and spice.
Fleurie: The light, floral and aromatic wines
produced from this high-altitude region are easy to drink and a great
introduction to red wine.
Chiroubles: This region can be found at the
highest altitude in Beaujolais and produces smooth, silky wines which are one
the last grapes to be harvested each year.
Morgon: Wines from the Morgon village are best
enjoyed after aging for 5-10 years, at which point they will have developed
rich earthy tones.
Régnié: Opposite to Morgon wines, Régnié wines
are best enjoyed while still young and these aromatic, fruity wines are quickly
gaining popularity with connoisseurs around the world.
Côte de Brouilly: Mount Brouilly, a nearby
volcano, has a notable influence of the taste of wines from the surrounding
villages, and this area has mineral notes that are well-balanced with fresh,
Brouilly: The southernmost of the Crus regions,
Brouilly enjoys a little more sunshine than some of the other regions and is
one of the most recognizable wine growing villages in Beaujolais. Also close to
Mount Brouilly, wines from this region develop indulgent jam and red currant